Advanced Certificate in Biodiversity and Ecosystem Management
CBEM 2301: Concepts of Biodiversity conservation & Management (3 credits)
Definitions and terms related to the biodiversity, three main components of biodiversity; Species diversity, Genetic diversity and Ecosystem diversity.Conservation of Biodiversity; natural resources, population controls, restoring ecosystems, Conservation methods and Conservation strategies, Biodiversity conservation status in Sri Lanka, Factors to the loss of biodiversity
CBEM 2302: Agro-Ecology and Agro-biodiversity (4 Credits)
Introduction to Agro-ecology, Agro-biodiversity and Species interactions in crop communities, keeping bees and other beneficial organism in agro ecosystem, Indicators of agro-ecosystem sustainability, Soil in Agro-ecology, Urban agriculture, Pest and diseases of agricultural importance, Ecological based pest management, Agro-ecological environmental problems, Agro ecology and food security (interaction between Agro-ecosystem and communities), landscape Architecture and environmental design.
CBEM 2303: Basic Computer Awareness (3 Credits)
Introduction to operating systems: Windows Environment, Basic Guidelines to use Windows, CLI & GUI, Desktop, Menus, Making Files and Folders, Managing Files and Folders. Word processing application based on MS Word: Word processor, Document Cycle, Word Environment, Customization, Typing & Inserting, Selecting, Text Management, proofing Tools, Formatting, Objects. Spread sheet application based on MS Excel: Workbook Environment, Equations & Functions, Cell References, Charts and Objects. Data base management application based on MS Access: Database Environment, Terminology, Relational database and Keys, MS Access, Query, Views, Forms, Reports, Calculations, relationships, Validation. Presentation applications based on MS PowerPoint: Slides, Master Slide, Designs, Animation, Multimedia, Objects, Setup, Presentation. Internet and Email: History, Topology, TCT/IP, IP Address, Doman Name System, Connections, Applications/Services, Browsers, URL, Search Engines, Email, Anatomy of an Email Address, Anatomy of an Email Message, Introduce Web Mail, Introduce Email Clients. GIS – an introduction: Data processing, Visualization & Interpretation using GIS software, Distribution Mapping, Mapping Software, Arc GIS, Erdas, Q-GIS. Biodiversity Information Systems – An Introduction: What is an Information System, Types of Information Systems, Information System Development.
CDEM 2304: Institutions and Conventions of Biodiversity & Conservation (4 Credits)
Institute set up in Sri Lanka related to biodiversity & its conservation, their mandate, vision, mission (Department of Agriculture, Department of Wild life, Department of National Botanical, Department of Zoological garden, Department of Forest, Central Environment Authority, National Aquatic Resource Agency, Ministry of Environment), Convention on Biological diversity: History of the Convention, Convention Text, List of Parties, Decisions, Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO 4)Supplementary Protocols to the CBD: Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-Sharing, Convention Bodies : Conference of the Parties (COP), Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA), Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI)
Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol (ICNP), Working Group on Article 8(j)Working Group on Protected Areas, Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 : Key Elements, Aichi Biodiversity Targets Implementation, Brief Description and their role of UNEP, UNDP, IUCN, IWMI, GEF, institutions
CDEM 2305: Basics of Wildlife Management (03 Credits)
Basic ecological principles in wildlife management, interaction between species, wildlife census and population studies, Wild life resources giving emphasis on birds, mammals, reptiles, butterflies and others, Status of biodiversity in Sri Lanka, Red Data categories including threaten and endangered species in Sri Lanka, threat levels for different faunal categories, threats to the local wildlife, ex-situ and In-situ conservation. Ecological/Ecosystem services of wildlife, economic importance of terrestrial, aquatic and marine wildlife resources, uses of wildlife including direct, Indirect, consumptive and non-consumptive uses.
CDEM 2306: Economics of Biodiversity & Ecosystem Management (03 Credits)
Dynamic equilibrium of economic and environment systems, Functional consequences of biodiversity,
Contributions of natural environments to human welfare: the “ecosystem services and economics” , Economic aspects of biological diversity, Measuring biophysical indicators, Convention on biological diversity (a) protection, (b) sustainable use, (c) fair access and (d) benefit sharing, Ecosystems and economics, Cultural social services of ecosystems, Classification of Ecosystems, Estimate ecosystem services benefits
CDEM 2307: Climate Change & Adaptation, Preparedness and Mitigation (4 Credits)
Climate change vs Climate variability, Causes of climate change, Global situation of climate change;
Future climate scenarios using RCP approach of IPCC, Climate change in Sri Lanka, Future climate of Sri Lanka.
Introduction of the process involved in adoption; Development and introduction suitable tolerant varieties/cultivars for extreme situations such as flood, drought, and salinity due to the effect of climate change; Development of drought and flood escape varieties/cultivars to escape extreme situations; Soil amelioration to increase the water holding capacity; soil C status and the possible improvements; farming systems; soil and water conservation techniques; use of agricultural diversity as an adaption option; climate smart agriculture and its relevancy as a holistic approach, Preparedness: Importance of preparedness and the major steps; climate predictions; use of traditional knowledge; policies and regulations, National and International preparedness, Mitigation: Important in mitigation options in the light of climate change; rainwater harvesting; catchment conservation and management; restoration of water storage and conveyance structures (reservoirs, anicuts, canals and other diversions); Improvements in fertilizer management; efficient irrigation and drainage management